I should change the location of a lime tree I would like to know if it could be affected by it
moving a tree, however small, always causes damage to the plant, ranging from simple temporary stress, to the possible death of some branches; this occurs because moving a plant is very likely to damage its root system. Of course, the extent of the damage depends on a long series of factors.
If the plant is in a pot, it will certainly suffer less than a plant placed in the ground; this is because in the pot it is very simple to understand where the plant has its roots, and therefore it is possible to extract all the bread from the roots of the pot without touching it, and move the plant to another location, without being affected by the movement in any way.
If, on the other hand, the plant is placed in the open ground, it is advisable to try to eradicate as much root system as possible, trying to extract a large portion of earth from under the soil under the crown, around the stem, to limit the damage; then prepare in case to remove from the ground a large loaf of earth, all around the stem of the sapling.
The movement should take place in a period in which the plant does not require large quantities of water or mineral salts, because it is in vegetative rest; therefore ideally it would be appropriate to move a tree placed in the open ground in autumn, or in any case in a period in which it is not blooming or producing fruit; with lime it is quite difficult to find a time of year when the plant is in complete vegetative rest, therefore it often happens that a displacement of the plant causes the fall of flowers or fruits.
Immediately after the move, it is advisable to prune the plant, if it was placed in the ground, so that the root system, which is certainly slightly pruned, must supply a smaller quantity of leaves, and the plant is subject to less evaporation of the water through the foliage.
So if you want to move a lime in a pot, you can do it practically all year round; if you want to do it in full bloom or fruiting, be careful not to touch the earthen bread around the roots. If instead you want to move a small tree in the open ground, wait for autumn, or the end of winter; remove as many roots from the ground as you can, and prune the tree at the end of the move.
If, on the other hand, you only intend to move the pot with the lme from a corner of the garden or greenhouse to another position, you can do it whenever you want, but clearly it is advisable that you manage to find a place with identical lighting, sunshine and climate.