Together with white-fruited ribes sativum and black-violet fruit R. nigrum, this deciduous shrub, with dimensions close to 120-150 cm, is widespread in Europe, North America and Asia. It constitutes a vigorous stump, from which erect, cylindrical, rigid stems, poorly branched; the leaves are of an intense green color and have 3-5 lobes, with a toothed margin. In spring it produces small clusters consisting of 15-20 whitish flowers, which, in late spring, or early summer, give way to small rounded, shiny, fleshy fruits, with a very aromatic flavor, especially in the case of R. nigrum. Currants are used for fresh consumption, or to prepare fruit preserves or as a flavoring. A particular type is the gooseberry, R. uva-crispa, with larger fruits, which grow in small clusters on thorny stems, very vigorous; it tastes sweeter than common currants.
Variety of currants
It is a deciduous shrub that includes several varieties. Within the genus there are in fact varieties with red cluster fruit, varieties with black or purple fruit and varieties with white or yellow bunches. The most prized varieties are those with a red cluster, but no less appreciated are those with a black or purplish cluster. Among the red cluster varieties we mention Junifer, originally from France and early ripening, and Rivada, a Dutch variety with late development and large fruits. Among the yellow varieties we mention Victoria, a rustic species, easy to grow and with an average ripening time. The most common black cluster varieties are Titania and Black Lamond. The latter, rich in polyphenols and vitamin C, are better suited to the preparation of jams and fruit juices.