Garden

Canary Island palm tree - Phoenix canariensis

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GeneralitŠ°

It is a large evergreen plant, native to the Canaries; for centuries these palms have been cultivated in the Mediterranean area, so much so that they are considered typical plants of the Mediterranean landscape. Some palms, including the Phoenix, are rustic, and have long been cultivated in North America and in most of the European coastal areas, including on the Atlantic side. They have a thick erect trunk, which easily reaches 15-20 meters in height and 60-80 cm in diameter; It is dark brown or grayish in color, marked by showy rhombus-shaped roughness, due to the signs left by the insertion of the petiole of the fallen leaves. The fronds are very large, they can reach 4-5 meters in length, arched; they are bright dark green, pinnate, they carry long linear leaves on the sides of the petiole; the petiole is up to one meter long, and has numerous sharp spines. Canary palms are dioecious plants; the flowers bloom in late spring, between the branches, are orange brown; the flowers of the female plants are longer and more showy, and in summer they give way to clusters of oval berries, edible but not particularly pleasant on the palate. Within each berry there is a single fertile seed. P. canariensis are cultivated particularly for their aesthetic qualities; in many Mediterranean countries P ... dactylifera, the date palm, of African origin, is also cultivated.


Exposure

The Canarian palms are planted in a sunny place, although they can bear light shading. They can bear temperatures of many degrees below zero, even down to -10 ° C, for this reason in Italy they are grown safely in the garden without any particular problems. However, it can happen that in young specimens, or during particularly cold winters, the fronds are damaged by the cold, especially when short frosts also occur; it is therefore advisable to shelter the smaller plants from the cold in the coldest areas of Italy with a special cloth for plants. The phoenix canariensis they can also be grown as potted plants, in this way they remain smaller, and moreover they can be sheltered during the cold months and thus guarantee them a better growth.

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