Genus that includes numerous species of orchids of fairly easy cultivation, originating in central-southern America. They have ribbon leaves, light green in color; from the center of the leaves at the end of winter and in late summer, a long stem grows, which bears numerous large flowers, with a scarlet labellum, as in the genera paphiopedilum and cypripedium, red, pink or green; the flowers bloom simultaneously or one at a time, depending on the species. Most of Phragmipedium they are terrestrial, even if there are epiphytes and lithophytes; these orchids can be divided into two large groups, those with elongated petals and those with shorter petals, the first group needs slightly more abundant watering than the second group and can bear a few hours of direct light. Often the flowers of Phragmipedium they detach themselves from the stem without wilting. A particular note to make about these orchids is that, although in the past they have not been highly regarded and we have not had great success, the situation has changed totally since the last few years. This is thanks to the discovery in 1981 of the Phragmipedium besseae in Perщ that literally caught the attention of orchid enthusiasts.
Generally phragmipedium love very bright places, but in the warm months they don't tolerate direct sunlight; in the remaining months of the year they can bear some hours of direct light, in the less hot hours of the day. They fear the cold, therefore in winter they must be hospitalized in a tempered greenhouse or at home, in places where the temperatures are not below 8-10 ° C.