The tomato plant: characteristics
The tomato originates from Peru. He brought it to Europe was the Spanish Hernan Cortes, in 1540. It arrived in Italy in 1596. Originally the fruit was golden in color, hence the name "tomato", then through grafts, the current red color was obtained. The plant also reaches one meter in height. The fruits are pulpy and very sweet, with seeds inside. Tomato belongs to the Solanaceae family, it is an annual plant that occupies the ground for 140-260 days. There are many varieties that identify themselves in shape and size. There are round, elongated, small and clustered tomatoes. There is the cherry type, medium, pear and large. The best known varieties are: San Marzano, Cuor di bue and Super Roma. Tomato prefers soft soil with slightly acid pH.
How tomato seedlings are produced
Growing tomatoes is not difficult, but some basic rules must be followed to obtain good results. Planting sowing takes place between April-May. The seed should be placed in rows 70-120 cm apart, at a depth of 0.5-1.5 cm. 0.20 grams of seed is needed for each square meter of land. The seedlings, which must be at least 5-6 cm high, must be arranged per hole, 30-60 cm apart from each other. If you want to produce the seedlings yourself, the seed must be spread on the ground between December-February and protected with a cloth; otherwise in March outdoors. The seeds must be buried at a depth of 2-3 mm. For each square meter you need 3-4 grams of seeds. Once grown in the seedbed, the seedlings must be transplanted. The best period is April-May and planted on rows dug in the ground.