Main characteristics of the vanilla plant
The vanilla plant is originally from Mexico but grows spontaneously throughout the territory of Central America. It is a creeper belonging to the large orchid family. It has the appearance of a flexuous green liana and has numerous adventitious roots. It is characterized by particularly elongated leaves and very showy flowers in the pastel shades of green and yellow. It does not particularly like direct light and can also be grown in our latitudes in sheltered greenhouses or gazebos, especially in colder areas. The most valuable part of this plant is its aromatic berries. The first harvest can be made three years after its planting and the maximum production occurs after the eighth year of life.
How it is grown
To best cultivate the vanilla plant, it must be positioned in an area illuminated but not directly affected by the sun's rays, which are too hot for the plant. It lives well at a temperature between sixteen and twenty-five degrees and to protect it from dangerous temperature variations it is preferable to grow it in a greenhouse or inside the four domestic walls. If the air is rather dry or in any case has a humidity below 60%, it is necessary to vaporize the water on its leaves at least twice a day. It fears drought and tends to dehydrate very quickly. This orchid variety tends to grow a lot. Suffice it to say that an adult plant can even reach four meters in length and needs fairly sturdy braces to which it can anchor itself.