Taxodium distichum, known as Bald Cypress or C. of Virginia, is a very long-lived deciduous conifer native to North and Central America; the centennial specimens can reach 35-40 m in height. It has an erect trunk, enlarged at the base; the bark is thick, reddish brown, often cracked with the age of the plant.
The crown of the bald cypress it is pyramidal, with the years it tends to become disordered; the leaves are linear, flattened, light green in color; in autumn, before falling, they become golden, then brown and finally reddish. Male and female flowers grow in long axillary panicles; the pine cones are rounded, woody, ripen in late autumn releasing the seeds.
Often trees of this genus grow along water courses or in swampy places, where the roots produce particular conformations that rise from the ground, called pneumatophores.
These large trees develop without problems in full sun or in partial shade; the adult specimens of Taxodium distichum do not fear the cold weather, while the young cypress plants of Virginia must be sheltered for at least two cold seasons after planting.
In Italy it is grown for ornamental purposes in areas ranging from 0 to 300 meters above sea level; in its natural habitat it grows in humid or submerged areas for part of the year. It can withstand temperatures down to -10 ° C, the temperature beyond which its branches are damaged.
It is not resistant to strong winds.